Thursday, May, 25, 2017

baner

Sector Structure

Effective implementation of sector functions will be achieved through operationalization of four key Directorates namely; Directorate of Housing; Directorate of Physical Planning, Survey, Land Adjudication & Settlement; Directorate of Administration; and Directorate of Lands
Vision and Mission

Vision: To be a leading entity in the provision of efficient, sustainable, equitable use of county land resources and facilitation of adequate housing provision to the residents of Nyamira.

Mission: To steer positive land reforms for improvement of livelihood of county citizen through efficient administration, equitable access, secure tenure, sustainable management of the land based resources and facilitation of housing provision in sustainable human settlement.


 

The objectives of the ministry will be:-

  • Facilitation of the implementation of Kenya vision 2030 flagship projects relevant to the ministry;
  • Provision of appropriate and adequate spatial framework to guide socio-economic development of the county;
  • Provision of efficient and effective land administration services;
  • Facilitation of the provision of secure land tenure;
  • Housing Policy implementation and development;
  • Promotion of Appropriate Building Materials and Technologies for adoption;
  • Inventory update on all Government houses;
  • Maintenance and management of government housing units;
  • Implementation of informal settlement improvement strategies;
  • Facilitation of access to housing finance;
  • Provision and maintenance of current and accurate geospatial information;
  • Provision of capacity for effective and efficient Ministerial service delivery;
  • Promotion of opportunity for inter-Ministerial relationships and public/private partnerships;
  • Institutionalisation of use of information and communication technology (ICT);
  • Regularization of land property rights based on rationalized land use plans and public needs;
  • Coordination of development controls as exercised by various government agencies

Core Values

The ministry will uphold the following core values in undertaking its mandate:-

    Team spirit, consultative and public participation;
    Prompt, effective, impartial, customer responsiveness;
    Integrity, honesty, accountability and transparency;
    Patriotism;
    Pro-activeness, cost-effectiveness and innovativeness;
    High standards of professional ethics; and
    Gender equity, equality and protection of vulnerable groups


  


The Ministry is divided into three major sections, namely;


In Kenya, land tenure is classified into three broad categories: communal land, Government trust land, and privately owned land. The communal land ownership system is based on traditional customary rights, and all individuals born in that community have a right to use but not sell it.  Government trust land is land held by ministries, state corporations or other public institutions for public use such as buildings, forests, research and national parks.  Privately owned lands are registered; the owner holds the title under a freehold or leasehold system. The owner of such land can use it as collateral to access credit. Private ownership of land has encouraged investment and long-term improvements or development on farms to create a secure market for land.


Services
The following are range of services provided by lands department:

    Policy formulation for management and administration of land;
    Processing and issuance of title deeds;
    Registration of land transactions and other legal documents;
    Determination of land and boundary disputes;
    Generation and collection of land revenue and other fees;
    Provision of reliable land information; and
    Valuation of land and assets and various purposes



The functions of land adjudication and settlement are:-facilitating secure of tenure by ascertaining  and recording rights and interests on land; identify arable agricultural land for settlement purposes; facilitate land and development loans acquisition and recovery; and  facilitate preparation of all settlements land records for documentation and land registration process.


Administration
The department of administration and planning is composed of; the office of the Executive Committee Member, the Chief Officer and relevant Directorates whose primary duties are:-General administration and coordination of the department; Development and implementation of policies and sector plans to attain vision 2030; Promotion of national values and principles of governance as outlined in article 10 and 232 of the constitution of Kenya; Overseeing management of finances, preparation of budget estimates, annual work plans and programs; Development and implementation of the strategic plans and sector development plans; and Execution of all delegated duties and assignments by the government.


 

The roles of the Department of Housing in the current dispensation include:- Management of strategic national government houses; Acquisition of titles for strategic national government houses; Technical advisory services to  county/national government agencies; Implementation of social and physical infrastructure policies and strategies for slum upgrading; Carrying out County housing surveys; Office accommodation for both national and county government functions; Facilitating access to housing through various strategies and programmes; Audit for assets (housing) of the National and County government; Planning and development of Housing Infrastructure Projects; Promote research, identification and dissemination of information on appropriate low cost building  materials and technologies and best practices; Identification, implementation and management of projects in slums and informal settlements to improve living standards (roads, provision of water, sewerage system, electricity, sanitation, garbage collection points and income generating activities); Conducting research on housing and human settlement; Preparation of county budgets and profiles as per the Transition to Devolved Government  Act 2012; Promote housing development by government and Public Private Partnership; Mainstreaming Environmental Impact Assessment in housing programmes; Maintenance and security of Government houses (both pool and institutional); Facilitating dispute resolution among landlord-tenants in controlled residential tenancy; and Coordination of Human Settlements Matters at the County Levels

i). Environmental Impact Assessment/Audit on Housing Development. All housing and settlement activities should be subjected to proper environmental impact assessment and subsequent audit processes in compliance with EMCA (1999) and National Housing Policy (2004) requirements. This function is in line with the mandate of the Ministry of Land, Housing and Urban Development as the Government lead Agency on Housing Development projects.

ii). Management of strategic national government houses

The Government housing inventory update for the County should be established where applicable and proper maintenance principles observed. Government houses are currently managed nationally with all registered houses being recorded on an established Building Register. The inventory of houses is routinely updated on a quarterly basis.

iii). Promotion of Appropriate Building Materials and Technologies (ABMTs).

In order to address the issue of escalating building cost and achieve environmental sustainability, the Ministry will continue promoting adoption of local, appropriate and innovative building technologies including training on use of Interlocking Stabilized Soil Blocks (ISSBs) by community members and village polytechnics. The ABT programme envisages establishment of Appropriate Building Technology Centres (ABTCs) in every constituency. The programme objectives include; lowering the cost of building for the low income groups; providing cheap locally available materials convenient to the locals in decent shelter provision; protection and conservation of the environment through use of environmentally friendly materials; and empowering the community to generate income and contribute to social cohesion among the youths and women who often participate in technology dissemination processes.

Interlocking Stabilized Soil Blocks (ISSBs) Demo unit at Ikamu Primary School  

iv). Slum Upgrading and Prevention initiatives.

The Ministry will adopt a proactive approach by conducting baseline survey to determine or detect any emerging form of Slum or informal settlement within the County. This will be in tandem with provisions of the draft National Slum Upgrading and Prevention policy.

v). Office accommodation for both National and County Government Functions

Government buildings and houses are in shortage to serve the intended purpose adequately. The Directorate of Housing therefore has the mandate to facilitate leasing of premises to cater for such functions on a need basis.

vi). Participation in Human Settlement Activities.

Ministry of Land, Housing and Urban Development being the National Focal Point of Human Settlement, coordinates all activities in the Human Settlement sector including interactions with UN HABITAT. The involvements include participation in World Habitat Day celebrations, Governing Council, World Urban Forum, Best Practices documentation, African Ministerial Conference on Housing and Urban development (AMCHUD) whose secretariat is currently domiciled in Kenya among others.

vii). Housing Infrastructure Development

Installation of various infrastructures is key to opening up undeveloped areas to private sector investment. Such activities relates to access road network, water provision, electricity, sewer systems among others. Housing infrastructure improvement is also vital making the informal settlement more habitable thus improving livelihood of the residents.

viii ). Housing Development Facilitation through various strategies

Housing is viewed both as an economic as well as a social good. The constitution of Kenya 2010 under social and economic rights mandates the government to facilitate access of adequate housing and reasonable standard of sanitation to the citizens. Some of the strategies to be employed to meet this fundamental human right include; access to affordable financing, land banking, developing incentives, enhancement of public private partnerships, developing affordable housing policy, encouraging employer facilitated housing schemes, promotion of innovative appropriate building technologies among others.

ix). Acquisition of titles for strategic national government houses

This is done through survey and demarcation by placing beacons on boundaries and preparations of part development plans for purpose of securing the land from grabers.

x). Technical advisory services to county/national government agencies

The Ministry plays a vital role of advising the county government on all aspects pertaining to matters of human settlement as well as development and management of Government housing. This is more important during the transition and beyond.

xi). County housing surveys

County housing statistics is key for planning and management purposes. The Ministry will be working closely with Kenya National Bureau of Statistics in conducting housing surveys to determine the existing housing types, materials used in construction as well as the housing deficit levels within the county.

xii). Audit for assets (housing) of the national government

For proper utilisation and disposal, the policy require that this be done with update being done annually for any addition or disposal of warn out assets through laid down procedures.

xiii). Conducting research on housing and human settlement

Research and development is an important undertaking in the provision of adequate housing and effective human settlement programmes. The county government in collaboration with stakeholders should support research initiatives by providing necessary facilitation. This also involves research and introduction of appropriate human settlement policies and programmes.

xiv). Preparation of county budgets and profiles as per the Transition to Devolved Government Act 2012

Preparation of county budgets and profiles is a legal requirement. The Ministry will participate in timely preparation of annual budgets aimed at implementation of housing development and management projects.
The National Housing Corporation
The National Housing Corporation is a Semi-Autonomous Government Agency (SAGA) in the Ministry that plays a central role in housing provision particularly for low and middle-income housing. The Corporation formulates programmes that culminate into appropriate and affordable rental and owner-occupier housing. It further stabilizes rental levels in the market by providing suitable and adequate rental houses. The Corporation also offers rural and peri-urban housing loans to individuals to boost housing development; forms and facilitates strategic partnerships with the private investors to enhance housing development and encourages local investment in housing by Kenyans in the Diaspora. Further the Corporation spearheads adoption and use of modern technological methods for faster housing delivery.
Survey Department
The main services offered are processing mutation surveys and assisting the county land registrar on technical matters pertaining to boundary disputes. Most of the area is covered under general boundaries thus there is a tendency to experience more disputes in future. During the plan period, the department will focus on the following key strategic areas: Establishment and maintenance of geodetic control network; Surveying, inspecting of maintaining national and international boundaries; Calibration and maintenance of precise distance and angular measuring equipment used by departmental surveyors; Acquisition of small and large photographs for mapping; Maintenance of all aerial photographic records and supplying the same to other organizations; Surveying of production of large and small scale topographic maps; Production of the national atlas of Kenya; Execution of new grant surveys and compilation of deed plans and R.I.Ms; Approving all title surveys; Production of plans for gazettement of administrative boundaries, forest and national park boundaries; Maintenance of storage of all survey records; Liaison with department of land adjudication and settlement in preparation of plans for land adjudication programmes; Provide and co-ordinate training and research in surveying and mapping; Production of R.I.Ms for settlement schemes, groups ranches, company and co-operative farms; and Production, maintenance as well as provision of geographical data in digital form
Land Department
The following are range of services provided by lands department: Policy formulation for management and administration of land; Processing and issuance of title deeds; Registration of land transactions and other legal documents; Determination of land and boundary disputes; Generation and collection of land revenue and other fees; Provision of reliable land information; and Valuation of land and assets and various purposes
Land Adjudication and Settlement
The functions of land adjudication and settlement are:-facilitating secure of tenure by ascertaining and recording rights and interests on land; identify arable agricultural land for settlement purposes; facilitate land and development loans acquisition and recovery; and facilitate preparation of all settlements land records for documentation and land registration process
Administration
The department of administration and planning is composed of; the office of the Executive Committee Member, the Chief Officer and relevant Directorates whose primary duties are:-General administration and coordination of the department; Development and implementation of policies and sector plans to attain vision 2030; Promotion of national values and principles of governance as outlined in article 10 and 232 of the constitution of Kenya; Overseeing management of finances, preparation of budget estimates, annual work plans and programs; Development and implementation of the strategic plans and sector development plans; and Execution of all delegated duties and assignments by the government.

 


 


The physical planning department is charged with the responsibility of preparation of County Spatial Plans and Local Physical Development Plans, Provision of advisory services on appropriate use of land and control of developments within the county.

The core mandate of the department is spatial planning and regulation of physical developments within the county through the following functions;

i). Formulation of plans

Formulation of Spatial Plans/Local Physical Development Plans, policies, guidelines and strategies to ensure provision of relevant infrastructure/necessary amenities within the towns/ urban centres using participatory and empowering approaches.

ii). Preparation of Part Development Plans

Part Development Plans (PDPs) are plans that indicate precise sites for immediate implementation of specific projects or for alien purposes for Public Purpose. Part development plans are prepared from the main development plan to accommodate a specific development project and forms the basis for land allocation. A part development plan may also be prepared to introduce minor changes to a development plan. This process has to be carried out in consultation with the National Land Commission.

iii). Development control

The Physical Planning Office recommends approval of physical development applications in the County. These include Building Plans, Subdivision Plans, Change of Users, Extension of user, Extension of Lease, Land Amalgamation and EIAs.

iv). Advisory services

Advice the County Government and the National Land Commission on the most appropriate use of land including land management matters such as change of user, extension of user, extension of lease, subdivision of land and amalgamation of land. The department also attends to and advises members of the public on Physical Planning issues within the county. As such, members of the public are expected to walk into the Physical Planning Office to get any kind of assistance required on spatial planning issues.

v). Conflict resolution on matters arising from County Spatial Planning

This is done on all conflict related matters arising from County Spatial Planning and implementation. These involve holding meetings as one of the conflict resolution mechanisms within the county.

The Department’s Performance

The department of Physical Planning has over time prepared the following Local Physical Development Plans;

    Nyamira local physical Development plan; the process is ongoing, intention to plan was issued, 1st stakeholders meeting has been set for 5th of February, 2014

    Miruka Local Physical Development Plan; the process of preparation is ongoing and a 1st Stakeholders meeting is yet to be held.

Manga Town Local Physical Development Plan; this is a plan that is in the final stages of completion
   


Survey

Sector challenges at the county level cuts across housing, land, spatial planning, settlement and survey. The main challenges facing the sector operations include:-Population pressure, insecure land ownership, Unsustainable land use, Land administration, manual land information systems, inadequate housing stock, poor housing condition, high cost of construction materials, and ineffective legislation.